The National Framework Document for a Unified Iraqi Policy

2019/06/18

In recognition of the changes that took place and are taking place in the region and in line with the considerable role that Iraq could play in the midst of these changes, it becomes imperative upon us to create internal political cohesion that results in important outputs. The first is to create an integrative approach to be played by the Government and the political factions in line with what is happening at the internal and external levels.
We realize that the recent escalation between the United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Iran will clearly have a negative impact on Iraq, which has just emerged from a costly war with the terrorist organization of ISIS. Some of ISIS incubators are still active sometimes in several provinces, which threaten the achieved security. To date, thousands of our internally displaced citizens live in encampments and have not returned to their cities yet.
The achieved military success in Iraq is very important and cannot be abandoned, but it remains reversible. Therefore, it is imperative on Iraq to adopt a realistic practical policy based on national consensus and launched from the interests of Iraq first, and stresses on its sovereignty, independence and takes into account the country’s security as well as building and consolidating its nascent democratic institutions.
Iraq, because of its accumulated political problems and security breaches as well as the remnants of dictatorship, has allowed for external interventions. Therefore, safeguarding and boosting stability in Iraq and the country’s interests in the region could still be accomplished, but this requires a keen and precise practical effort on more than one level:
- Empowering State’s institutions in the light of a strategy of action based on adherence to the constitution and professional foundations in a manner that restores their prestige, enhances respect, and strengthens the citizens’ confidence on these institutions.
- To limit the weapons to State’s institutions of purview and promote the integration and not intersecting of its security services.
- To combat corruption, which has penetrated into the depth of the State as well as the security and political system, became the most important factor for perpetuating crises and undermining the country's sovereignty, independence, and the welfare of its citizens.
- To act for development of the infrastructure of the Iraqi economy thus to enhance self-sufficiency and reduce the country's need to rely heavily on imports, which makes its positions strategically dependent on others.
Therefore, we believe that it is necessary to rethink our scores and make our decisions and understanding based on this national vision that is based on the strengthening the independent Iraqi decision and protecting the sovereignty and to look forward to:
- Rejecting the policy of axes, and preventing Iraq from being an arena for settling disputes and scores or being a starting point for aggression against any other country.
- Iraq and the region’s supreme interest require that the country be an arena for convergence of the common economic and security interests. It is in Iraq's interest to work with its partners in the countries of the region in order to establish a regional system based on common security interest and economic integration with its Islamic neighborhood and Arab depth that is based on the principle of respect for sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of States. Iraq, with its geopolitical location and with its resources and wealth, could be a bridge for communication and convergence of the interests of our countries and peoples. 
During the past periods, Iraq has been seen as a focal of tension and source of problems in the region as the stability of Iraq has become an immediate common international and regional interest. The work to see the transformation of Iraq from the perspective of these countries and forces from (an evil that must be contained and weakened) to (a good that cannot be overcome), and from (a factor of difference) in the region to a (factor of consensus and harmony) that requires to be preoccupied in promoting and developing this vision among brothers and friends to serve the interests of Iraq and of the countries that are desirous to enter into partnership with us.
In this sense, Iraq will initiate communication with neighboring and brotherly countries in order to establish a framework for periodic dialogue on regional problems, dedicate cooperation among the countries of the region, reduce tension in these countries, and prevent the exacerbation of the problems without ignoring the importance of continued cooperation in combating terrorism. 
We believe that the interests of different parties would help and prepare the atmosphere for the success of such a pioneering endeavor, and that the meeting among the Speakers of parliaments of neighboring countries represents an important precedent and it was a preparation for such a meeting.
We affirm that the strengthening and consolidation of Iraq's relations with its neighbors as well as its Arab and Islamic depth are important and essential for many reasons, including the historical and cultural ones, which is also important for economic, security and political reasons due to overlapping of interests arising from the regional system during the twentieth century.
- We believe that the interest of Iraq as well as the Arab and Islamic countries lies in further joint action based on trust and respect, and away from any polarization that isolate or hostile or antagonize any Arab or non-Arab regional State.
 - We affirm that Iraq and its territory will not be the starting point for any aggression against any neighboring country, and that its resolving of the lingering problems stems from being according to the foundations of dialogue, peaceful understanding, and respect for the sovereignty of States.
- We emphasize on supporting the Iraqi State and its government in safeguarding the sovereignty and the Iraqi independent decision based on the Iraqi national interest and the necessity that the Iraqi forces be committed to this position.
Act to launch a broad campaign to mobilize regional, international, and UN efforts (UN, EU, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, and the Arab League) to defuse the crisis in which respect for internal sovereignty and non-interference in the affairs of States must be taken into account.
- The presence of foreign military forces in Iraq depends on agreed controls between these forces and the Iraqi government. Their mission is limited to empowering the Iraqi forces in their fight against terrorism. The coordination and cooperation between Iraq and the countries of the international coalition was not limited to the security aspect but it went beyond that to the economic, scientific, construction and the relief for internally displaced people as well as in other areas, therefore, requires that we work to enhance and consolidate these relations in a way that secures Iraq's supreme interests. The presence of foreign forces cannot be part of any action that detracts the Iraqi sovereignty or targets the security of neighboring countries, noting that Iraq will not accept the establishment of permanent foreign military bases on its territory.
- The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces shall follow the number and nature of these forces and ensure their compliance with the tasks entrusted to them within the concluded agreements that are compatible with Iraqi sovereignty and the security priorities of the Iraqi State. 
We believe that success in developing this policy will help Iraq on more than one level. As this role would enhance the basic value of our country in the region and restore the citizen's confidence in his country and his government after years of tension, a role that the region needs as we need it too. 
Finally, it is a useful role that clarifies Iraq's strategy in its relations in the event of the exacerbation of the crises in the region, notably with the likelihood of increasing tension or resorting to the logic of power among the opponent parties, God forbid.
Presedent

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